One of the most common yet serious chronic conditions is Diabetes. This condition is also referred to as a lifestyle disease because it tends to affect individuals whose diets and lifestyles are unhealthy. There are basically two types of diabetes conditions; these are type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, common in children under the ages of 18 years, and type two diabetes or non-insulin-dependent type. The latter is more common in adults.
Type 2 diabetes basically affects the body’s response to glucose or blood sugar. This is because the body can’t deliver enough insulin or if it does, it does not respond well to it. This lifestyle condition has no cure and is usually managed by adjusting the patient’s lifestyle. By consuming only a healthy diet containing fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, plenty of water, and fruit juices among others, and by incorporating regular exercises into a routine, the patient can comfortably manage the condition and lead a normal life. If healthy eating and regular exercises are not enough, then there are good medications that can help manage and regulate blood sugar.
To understand or learn about this condition, it is important to understand and be able to recognize Diabetes Symptoms. One of the most common symptoms of this type of diabetes is frequent bouts of thirst and regular urination. These are a result of fluid drawn from the body because of excess glucose in the blood. This tends to leave the patient thirsty and creates a desire to drink more water. There is plenty of hunger as a lack of insulin in the body causes the cells to lack glucose which then triggers hunger bouts. The individual will also lose a lot of weight despite the fact that they eat plenty of food. As the body’s cells are unable to use the glucose from the food, the body results in stored fats as a source of energy. This depletes the body of stored fats, resulting in weight loss. Other symptoms include fatigue and blurred vision. Fatigue is a result of glucose deprivation to the body due to insulin problems. Blurred vision may result when liquids and fluids are drawn from the eyes by the excessive glucose levels in the blood. The skin may suffer darkened skin areas or patches. These patches may appear in areas such as the armpit and is usually a result of the body’s resistance to insulin.
Any patient or person who observes these symptoms and is concerned about their health and welfare should make a point of visiting a health care provider. A doctor will basically conduct tests on the individual so as to confirm the condition. A series of blood tests will usually be undertaken to determine the presence of the conditions. There are various tests and they include the AIC test or glycated hemoglobin test, random blood sugar test, an oral glucose tolerance test. Once the diagnosis is complete and the condition has been confirmed, a doctor will then proceed to prescribe treatment options including any medications.
The treatment options for type 2 diabetes are limited as the condition is a lifelong one and therefore, cannot be cured. Medical and health practitioners can only provide treatment options that tend to manage the condition. One of these treatment methods involves regular monitoring of blood sugar levels using a good blood sugar monitoring device. The monitoring will be undertaken once a day for several days and the average noted. Treatment options also depend to a large extent on a healthy diet. A good, healthy diet will have plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. The diet should consist of very few animal products such as beef, milk, and eggs. Carbohydrates and starch consumption should be kept at a minimum. Regular exercising is very important as it helps maintain low blood sugar levels and a healthy blood system. Diabetes treatment options can vary from time to time and will depend on several factors such as illness, reaction to medication and diet as well as exercise.